Net non-technical result
includes the non-technical elements of administrative and other operating expenses, amortization of intangible assets, interest credited to policyholders and other interest, other income, as well as net gains and losses on divestments of businesses and interest expense on debt.
Net underwriting result
is calculated as the difference between earned premiums and policy fees and the sum of insurance benefits and losses and net technical expenses.
New business annual premium equivalent (APE)
is calculated as new business annual premiums plus 10 percent of single premiums, before the effect of non-controlling interests. Present value of new business premiums (PVNBP) is calculated as the value of new business premiums discounted at the risk-free rate, before the effect of non-controlling interests.
New business value, after tax
is a measure that reflects the value added by new business written during the period, including allowing for frictional costs, time value of options and guarantees, and the cost of non-market risk, and is valued at the point of sale. It is calculated as the present value of the projected after-tax profit from life insurance contracts sold during the period using a valuation methodology consistent with the EV principles, before the effect of non-controlling interests.